In a previous article, we talked about the great currents of decoration in France, we will today specify the Art Nouveau of Art Deco. Two styles finally very different, but often confused.
Art Nouveau and Art Deco cover two distinct periods
A common point between the two styles is that they are both from major events and are placed at two major periods.
Art Nouveau is inspired by the industrial revolution. This artistic movement born at the end of the 19th century in reaction to the drifts of industrialization is also called “art of the belle époque”. The style will be born after a long journey to stand out and break free from the shackles of classicism and will reach its peak between 1895 and 1900 to decline in the 20s.
Decorative Art, by its full name, can be seen as an evolution of the Art Nouveau style, of which it is the successor. Born just after the First World War and will continue until the 1940s.
Both styles therefore arise over different periods. Art Deco succeeds Art Nouveau and the characteristics of the two styles are quite different.
Art Nouveau is characterized by creativity and its flowery appearance. Indeed, the art nouveau is very inspired by nature. Curved lines, colors, ornaments inspired by trees, flowers, or animals. The style sought to occupy all the available space to create a floral and joyful atmosphere.
In France, the style was often nicknamed the Guimard style, because of the famous Paris metro mouthpieces made in this style in 1900 by Hector Guimard. To represent you, you can also think of Antoni Gaudi. You know, the famous architect who designed the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. His works, like Casa Batllo are perfect illustrations of the characteristics of this style. He was also a designer of extremely characteristic furniture of Art Nouveau.
Art Deco is much more sober than Art Nouveau. The style is much more refined with more rigorous lines and more geometric. This movement is both simpler and more technical. Nature is being replaced by other themes, such as science. After the 1930s, Art Deco using expensive materials such as marble or precious woods is considered a sign of wealth and luxury.
To represent this style, take for example the Chrysler Building in New York, or the Grand Rex in Paris. For furniture, take a look at the works of French decorator Jacques-Emile Ruhlmann, who was present at the 1925 International Exhibition of Decorative and Industrial Arts.
In conclusion, the two styles, unlike retro and vintage, are rather easy to distinguish. One seeking to imitate nature and the other more sober, privileging geometric forms. Know that both styles, Art Deco as Art Nouveau, are found very well in 3D wallpapers, which we were talking about in another article.
So Fuzzy, are you more Art Deco or Art Nouveau?